Coal Mining

Industrial Revolution Prior to the industrial revolution, timber was the primary source of energy for most, of course. However, in the 14th century, as forests began to deplete, coal mining grew in economic importance. Indeed, coal mines spread out from the banks of the River Wear and into the surrounding… Continue reading

 

Chester-le-Street

To begin with, Chester-le-Street is the business, residential and shopping centre of one of the smallest English districts. Indeed, the town is in the northern part of County Durham, between Durham City and Gateshead. Of course, Chester-le-Street stands on the River Wear and lies just 8 miles west of Sunderland.… Continue reading

 

Sunniside, Sunderland

Sunniside, Sunderland To begin with, Sunniside is an area in Sunderland City Centre. Indeed, its boundaries are, Borough Road, Fawcett Street and the  Sunderland Inner Ring road. Of course it is an old area and you will find many solicitors have their offices here. There are also many estate agents… Continue reading

 

Roker Park

Roker Park, Sunderland However, Roker Park attracted very little attention until the late 19th Century. Indeed, the earliest development was the building of Roker Terrace along the sea front on the cliff tops. This was in the 1840’s and those buildings are still standing. Roker still did not have the… Continue reading

 

Wearmouth Bridge

To begin with, the Wearmouth Bridge crosses over the River Wear in Sunderland. In essence, it is the first bridge you encounter when travelling up from the mouth of the river. Prior to its construction, getting from Monkwearmouth to Bishopwearmouth was by using a ferry boat. In fact, the nearest… Continue reading

 

Ryhope Village

Ryhope Village To begin with, Ryhope is a coastal village along the southern boundary of the City of Sunderland, England. As a matter of fact, it is almost mid-way between the City Centre and Seaham. The village indeed has a long farming history going back well over 1,000 years. Moreover,… Continue reading

 

Houghton-le-Spring

Houghton-le-Spring Moreover, at the same time, Houghton-le-Spring, Hetton-le-Hole and Washington Urban Districts joined Sunderland. In essence, this was to form a new borough within the Tyne and Wear Metropolitan County. Naming Of Houghton In the Boldon Book of 1183, the name of the town was Hoctona, but at other times… Continue reading

 

Washington New Town

Welcome To The Original Washington In modern English, Hwæsa becomes Wassa or Wossa after translation, so this could refer to an influential chieftain or farmer. Moreover, there is an actual reference to Wassyngtona meaning ‘settlement of Wassa’s people’. Because there are no records from this period, evidence is hard to… Continue reading